Latest stories

Mothers & Daughters star at Gr1 level published: 01 Dec, 2016

IT SEEMS in recent years all around the world racing fans have been treated to the finest fillies and mares. Black Caviar and now Winx in Australia, Rachael Alexandra and Zenyatta in America, and in Europe this year we have seen Found and Minding lift a multitude of big prizes in Europe.


Reliable Man published: 01 Dec, 2016

A SUPERB win in the Queen Elizabeth Stakes-Gr.1 at only his second Australian start had racegoers convinced Reliable Man (GB) would be a new star here. Sadly, injury forced his retirement and NZ’s Westbury Stud secured a wonderful addition to its roster. The stallion’s first crop juveniles this season are highlighting the wisdom of this move.


Simms Davison published: 01 Dec, 2016

Mapperley Stud has a great reputation for raising thoroughbreds, So You Think and Dundeel are prime examples, and now Simms Davison, the third generation of his family at the helm of this operation, is heading in a new direction by standing four high-class young sires at the Matamata property. It’s a challenge the former star rugby player is relishing and he can’t wait to see the results.


Air Force Blue published: 13 Apr, 2017

COOLMORE is certainly bringing some more northern hemisphere big guns to its Jerrys Plains roster in 2017 in the shape of new shuttlers American Pharoah (USA) and Air Force Blue (USA). The former, a US Triple Crown winner, is the subject of an article elsewhere in this edition and the latter, the Champion Two Year-Old of Europe in 2015 and a triple Gr.1 winner from the Danzig male line, will feature here.


Furnaces published: 13 Apr, 2017

AQUIS Farm has added brilliant sprinter Furnaces to its roster in 2017 and the son of Exceed and Excel will command a fee of $9900. He’s a really attractive prospect for Queensland breeders too mixing the Danehill male line with a female family whose members include brilliant sprinters and sires Zeditave and Alannon.


Frosted published: 03 Apr, 2017

DARLEY’S two new shuttlers for 2017, Frosted (USA) and Territories (IRE), combine outstanding race records with some of the most commercial bloodlines in the world today. Triple Gr.1 winner Frosted is a son of US sire sensation Tapit, leading sire there for the past three years, while Gr.1 winner Territories is a son of Invincible Spirit (IRE), sire of boom Australian stallion I Am Invincible.


Territories published: 03 Apr, 2017

THE Prix Jean Prat-Gr.1 (1600m) winner and English 2000 Guineas-Gr.1 runner-up Territories (Invincible Spirit (IRE)-Taranto by Machiavellian) has a pedigree with lots in common to Danehill (USA). He’s by a Danzig-line sire and his dam sire Machiavellian is inbred to Almahmoud via daughters Cosmah and Natalma who appear 2×2 in the pedigree of his dam Coup de Folie. Danehill is by Danzig and carries Natalma 3mx3f.


Gr1 Double highlights Choisir's value published: 31 Mar, 2017

CHAMPION sprinter Choisir (Danehill Dancer (IRE)-Great Selection by Lunchtime (GB)) has always been one of the quiet achievers on the Coolmore roster and his stud fee has never climbed beyond $35,750 (2009, 2010). Which is remarkable, given his exceptional stud record as the sire of more than 900 winners of $88m, 77 of them, or 5.4% of his starters, stakes winners.


Stuart Ramsey published: 31 Mar, 2017

A BIG heart and a warm smile will always welcome you at Turangga Farm and at the stud’s famous Inglis Easter Sales marquee, where a signature steak and glass of good red awaits, along with your no-nonsense yet effervescent host, Stuart Ramsey. 


Love Conquers All published: 31 Mar, 2017

Queensland-based Love Conquers All outperformed many high profile contemporaries last season to be just pipped for freshman sire honours. The Sun Stud sire now looks set to make a valuable contribution for his sire line, tracing to St Simon, after a stellar career on the track which saw him win eight races and more than $1.3m.


Clint Donovan published: 01 Nov, 2016

STARTING off selling cattle for his father’s firm as a 13 year-old gave Clint Donovan the dream of one day making his career as an auctioneer. He’s achieved all that and more in the years since and is now a fixture on the rostrum at Magic Millions sales as well as working as bloodstock consultant for the company and representing the firm abroad.


Slipper imprint on Holler's pedigree published: 28 Feb, 2017

DARLEY'S home bred Holler (Commands-Shouts by Strategic) was one of the first new stallion announcements for 2017 and Victorian breeders are bound to welcome him with open arms. The handsome son of the late Commands (Danehill (USA)) has strong credentials and he is one of his reliably classy sire's 71 stakes winners and has a pedigree littered with notable speed influences.


Arrowfield Stud published: 08 Feb, 2017

Where value can be found, $65,000 John Foote purchase earns Group 1 status & $4 million


Shamus Award published: 08 Feb, 2017

A dual Gr.1 winner who broke his maiden in the Cox Plate, Shamus Award was rated Australia’s Champion Three Year-Old Colt in 2013-14 and is a grandson of Redoute’s Choice. Now standing at Widden, a stud noted for making leading sires, he has his first yearlings to the sales in 2017.


Wylie Dalziel published: 08 Feb, 2017

CHEF Wylie Dalziel’s partnership with legendary jockey Roy Higgins proved a recipe for success and the syndication business they nurtured is now one of the strongest in the country. Horses like Bring Me the Maid, Moshe, Ra Sun and more recently, Harlow Gold and Phoenix Rising, have provided plenty of thrills for their many owners and allowed Wylie to live his dream of a career in racing.


Classic Sale is raining winners published: 08 Feb, 2017

Does Australian racing have a new fairytale filly?


2017 Sydney Classic Yearling Sale published: 08 Feb, 2017

WITH the Inglis Classic Yearling Sale a known hunting ground for a thoroughbred bargain, there are already plenty of success stories from the Newmarket ring to tempt buyers to head to Sydney in February. 


Maurice published: 06 Feb, 2017


Winning Rupert published: 06 Feb, 2017


Alpine Eagle published: 06 Feb, 2017


Sir Prancealot published: 06 Feb, 2017


Xtravagant published: 06 Feb, 2017


Shalaa published: 06 Feb, 2017


Lang Lin published: 01 Oct, 2016

SELF-made billionaire Lang Lin, better known to some as ‘Mr Wolf’, is a rising force between mainland China and the Australasian thoroughbred industry. It’s hard to describe what he does in this aspect in one word, but ‘enabler’ comes to mind because Mr Lang’s investments, vision and enthusiasm as a racehorse owner, racing industry developer and international connector, continues to inspire and create key business opportunities between China, New Zealand and Australia. 
  The founder and chief executive of the Inner Mongolia Rider Horse Group has spent more than $11m since 2012 shipping more than 800 New Zealand racehorses to China, to race and to breed from, with a view to grow the domestic market in his homeland. At the same time he has introduced hundreds of Chinese visitors and investors to his great love of Australasia’s major bloodstock sales and racing carnivals.  
  The highlight so far in Mr Lang’s journey ‘Down Under’ is his ownership of the Caulfield Cup and dual Derby winning hero, Mongolian Khan, a horse he describes as tough, fearless and his lucky charm.


Ross Hatton published: 01 Oct, 2016

IRISHMAN Ross Hatton has found his nirvana at Cornerstone Stud, seduced by the horses, people and lifestyle of the Barossa Valley. It’s a far cry from Kilkenny, but the thoroughbred heritage runs deep in his veins and he’s delighted to be part of the resurgence of the famous South Australian property.


Press Statement published: 01 Oct, 2016

By an outstanding young sire from the all-conquering Danehill male line and from a mare who has produced two elite level winners, Vinery Stud’s dual Gr.1 hero Press Statement looks to have the right credentials to succeed in the breeding barn. He is covering his first book this spring on a $27,500 fee and has been well received by breeders.


Team Lindsay Park published: 01 Sep, 2016

COLIN Hayes AM, OBE established Lindsay Park Racing Stable and Stud at Angaston in South Australia in 1965 after deciding to train horses in a country environment rather than the traditional city tracks. Lindsay Park became a hugely successful breeding and racing facility, with many champions being bred and trained there.


Beau Pere, where the legend goes wrong published: 01 Sep, 2016

ANY year, then or now, where a stallion is represented by winners of such races as the Caulfield Cup and The Metropolitan as well as 11 quality weight-for-age contests in Sydney and Melbourne including the Craven Plate, W.S. Cox Plate, L.K.S. Mackinnon Stakes and Rawson Stakes is going to be a very good year for that stallion.


Valentia published: 01 Sep, 2016

BREEDERS are rushing to use sons of Fastnet Rock and his son, new SA-based sire Valentia, certainly has the credentials to follow in the footsteps of Freshman Sire champs Hinchinbrook and Smart Missile. He was precocious on the track, is good looking and from a family that’s had great success here including a Golden Slipper heroine in Overreach and Blue Diamond winner in Reward for Effort.


Nick Hodges published: 01 Sep, 2016

MORE accustomed to the horsepower of motorbikes as he was growing up on the family farm at Scone, Nick Hodges gradually came to realise that his future was in the thoroughbred industry. He hasn’t regretted the decision and these days is busy as the general manager of Riversdale Farm, which was established by his parents Alison and Peter, and has a wonderful reputation as a broodmare farm and for the preparation of yearlings.


Rubick published: 01 Aug, 2016


Mathew Sandblom published: 01 Aug, 2016


Bluebloods October published: 07 Nov, 2016


Capitalist strengthens Tycoon's line of credit published: 01 Feb, 2016

THE success of unbeaten juvenile star Capitalist and his sire Written Tycoon have revived memories of one of the first, and best, shuttle sires Last Tycoon (IRE). He was our Champion Sire in 1993-94 when his brilliant son Mahogany was at the height of his powers.


Simon Vivian published: 01 Feb, 2016

VICTORIAN manager for Inglis, Simon Vivian has been a successful bloodstock agent and auctioneer for many years. He has worked with some of the best in the business including David Coles and Peter Heagney and has travelled around Australia and abroad working in the industry that he loves.


Husson published: 01 Feb, 2016

Unbeaten multiple Gr.1 winner Husson (ARG) is establishing a very handy stallion record for Vinery, Scone and had a huge pay day at the rich Magic Millions meeting in January to add to his growing record as a consistent sire of winners. He is inbred to breed shaper Mr. Prospector and is proving an excellent foil for Northern Dancer line mares.


Rodney Quinn published: 01 Feb, 2016

For a country boy who was told he was too big to be a jockey, Rodney Quinn made the most of his opportunities and became very successful in the saddle, despite battling with his weight. His long tenure with Crown Lodge saw him win stakes races on the likes of Lonhro, Align and Viscount and now he is passing on his experience to a new generation of apprentices on behalf of Racing NSW.


Arrowfield Freshman published: 01 Mar, 2016

Arrowfield Stud has announced the three exciting new stallions joining its 2016 Roster:  the multiple Group 1-winning sprinter-miler Real Impact, and Scissor Kick & Panzer Division, both Group-winning sons of Redoute’s Choice.


Father, Son have first southern yearlings published: 01 Jan, 2016

IN A somewhat unusual twist father and son Dalakhani (IRE) and Reliable Man (GB) qualify as first crop sires with yearlings at Australasian sales this year. Both are French Derby winners and while Dalakhani was already a major international success before beginning shuttle duties to Cornerstone Stud in SA in 2013, Reliable Man began his stud career in the same year at Westbury Stud in NZ.


Polly Soleil published: 01 Jun, 2014

ALTHOUGH beaten when odds-on favourite in the 2014 Australian Oaks-Gr.1, recent Gr.1 winner Lucia Valentina is the latest star of the emerging family of the New Zealand based foundation mare, Polly Soleil (GB). Bred in England in 1977, Polly Soleil (Roi Soleil-Polairia by Polic) was imported to New Zealand in 1985, and became one of the stalwarts of a highly successful band of broodmares developed by Graham and Helen Bax.


Dean Hawthorne published: 01 Dec, 2015

IT IS AN UNDERSTATEMENT to say Dean Hawthorne has a grounding in the thoroughbred industry, because horses have been his life from the time he could sit on one. His vast knowledge has gained him enormous respect and plenty of success, particularly in selecting and preparing ready to run horses and in managing a large bloodstock portfolio for clients.


Showcasing published: 01 Dec, 2015

PRECOCIOUS JUVENILE from the Danzig male line and now a sire of similar runners, Showcasing ticks all the boxes for buyers looking for early comers who will train on. The young Haunui Farm shuttle sire is again enjoying a good year in both hemispheres and his youngsters are sure to be in demand at Karaka


Ratings Reveal published: 01 Apr, 2015

John Boyce is a bloodstock and pedigree analyst. A former editor of The Thoroughbred Breeder and Pacemaker, he was Darley’s Group Head of Marketing and now conducts bloodstock analysis and oversees copywriting for the organisation.


Earthquake Erupts for successful family published: 01 Mar, 2014

Over the next few weeks in no particular order we will be reproducing a series first printed in BLUEBLOODS magazine in 2013 and 2014.


2016 Sale - Price Guides published: 14 Dec, 2015

With the 2016 sale season around the corner, check out our new and improved price guides. Which can now be sorted by Dam ability and Pinhooks.


Verrazano published: 01 Nov, 2015

More Than Ready’s dual Gr.1 winner Verrazano has big footprints to fill if he is to emulate the success of his sire in the southern hemisphere but he has the race record, pedigree and physique to help him achieve that feat. He retired to stud in the US earlier this year and is now working through his first southern book at Coolmore, Jerrys Plains.


Pedigrees prove the winning difference published: 01 Nov, 2015

AS SOMEONE who checks the pedigrees of metropolitan winners in Sydney and Melbourne each weekend, I have long thought there is something special about this time of year. The bloodlines become more interesting. 
  As the nation’s best horses return to the track for the Spring Carnivals, it seems to coincide with greater creativity in pedigree structures and strategies. In many cases, this is the winning difference: clever breeders who have got the genetics right in developing Group-level runners. Writing in the week leading up to the Cox Plate, here are my pedigree notes on some of our star performers.


Verrazano published: 03 Nov, 2015

More Than Ready’s dual Gr.1 winner Verrazano has big footprints to fill if he is to emulate the success of his sire in the southern hemisphere but he has the race record, pedigree and physique to help him achieve that feat. He retired to stud in the US earlier this year and is now working through his first southern book at Coolmore, Jerrys Plains.


Peter V'landys published: 03 Nov, 2015

PETER V’LANDYS is an achiever. The forthright administrator thrives on a challenge, with many a fruitful result. He achieved great success while running the NSW Harness Racing Club and his subsequent role as Chief Executive of Racing NSW has also been rewarding and at times headline making. 


Ciaron Maher published: 04 Nov, 2015

A family accident turned Ciaron Maher away from motorbikes to horsepower of a different kind and eventually into a career as a jumps jockey. But the heavyweight always knew training was his vocation and he learnt all he could from the experts before setting up with just three horses in 2005. His first Gr.1 winner came in 2007 and now he’s considered one of the country’s best young trainers.


Irish Aussies could be Cox Plate heroes published: 01 Oct, 2015

AIDAN O’BRIEN, the colossus of European racing as the trainer of Coolmore’s Irish-based string, has prospects of making history at Moonee Valley for the second successive year. 


Simon O'Donnell published: 01 Oct, 2015

FOR many Australians who love horse racing, to win the Melbourne Cup would be a dream come true. Simon O’Donnell has always had a passion for our great race and in 2008 came within a whisker of winning the Cup with the imported gelding Bauer. 


Andrew Perryman published: 01 Oct, 2015

For a youngster who used to watch the thoroughbreds walk past his home at Semaphore on their way to work on the beach it seems fitting that Andrew Perryman is now stud manager at Goldin Farms, Angaston. Colin Hayes set up the stud under the Lindsay Park banner after the master horseman had also started out his training career on the beach at Semaphore. Andrew has been charged with implementing the plans of Goldin’s owner Pan Sutong to again make the stud a real force in Australian breeding.


Squamosa published: 01 Oct, 2015

SQUAMOSA, a horse with obvious Gr.1 ability, a fine turn of foot and a pedigree combining the Australian speed influences Redoute’s Choice, Canny Lad, Rory’s Jester and Bletchingly as well as wonderful broodmare sire Success Express, looks well priced at a fee of just $6600 at Eliza Park International. He should appeal to broodmare owners looking to take advantage of Victoria’s successful SuperVOBIS scheme.


Stud defectors punch hole in ranks of new four year-olds published: 01 Sep, 2015

WITH the 2014-15 racing season now consigned to the history books it is time to reflect on the calibre of the three year-old crop and what might lie ahead as these runners move into the older horse ranks. Depending on what KPI is used there is more than one measure by which each season’s crop can be assessed.


First winner for turf star Gio Ponti published: 02 Sep, 2015

A first winner for turf champion Gio Ponti has prompted DAVID BAY to take this look at his sire Tale of the Cat’s young sons at stud in Australia.


Paximadia published: 03 Sep, 2015

THERE was no better winner-getter than Commands when he was at stud and his son, Sandown Guineas-Gr.2 winner Paximadia, is a typical “chip off the old block”.


Moonlark published: 03 Sep, 2015

WINNING COLOURS Farm at Rockley near Bathurst has carved out a niche in the thoroughbred world by standing rare coloured thoroughbreds such as the overo stallion Profile in Style (USA) and cremello Glacial Gold (USA).


Marvellous Treve published: 04 Sep, 2015

ON June 28 at Saint-Cloud Treve took a major step towards the completion of a remarkable historic feat. 


Bernard Saundry published: 03 Sep, 2015

THE CEO of Racing Victoria, Bernard Saundry has had a passion for racing that began when he was a teenager. Trips to Moonee Valley races with his parents, who were avid racegoers, gave him the opportunity to see some of our racing greats.


Mark Newnham published: 01 Sep, 2015

Despite growing up in a family of racegoers and being exposed to the sport at an early age, Mark Newnham was a late starter as a jockey after stints working for trainers Bobby Thomsen and Bart Cummings. After his apprenticeship concluded he forged a strong partnership with trainer Gai Waterhouse, firstly as a stable jockey for Tulloch Lodge before becoming assistant trainer to the leading Randwick-based mentor on his retirement from race riding.


Epaulette published: 02 Sep, 2015

A dual Gr.1 winner from the Danehill male line and from a mare who has produced two multiple Gr.1 winners, Epaulette has all the credentials to make a success of his stud career in both hemispheres. Lovely first foals already on the ground from his first northern and southern seasons at Darley in Ireland and Australia should have breeders beating a path to his door.


Taste of Caviar in Qld Valley of Champions published: 30 Aug, 2015

VICTORIA’S multiple champion sire Bel Esprit moves north to Queensland in 2015 and breeders would do well to consider sending him daughters of Magnus. The best of Bel Esprit’s 500 winners is unbeaten sprint champion Black Caviar (25 wins, $7.6m) and Magnus (Flying Spur) is a half-brother to Helsinge (Desert Sun (GB)), dam of Black Caviar.


Australian visitors dominate European first season sires published: 31 Aug, 2015

WHEN the Dream Ahead (USA) (Diktat-Land of Dreams by Cadeaux Genereux) colt Final Frontier took out the Anglesey Stakes-Gr.3 (about 1000m) on the Irish Oaks program on July 18, the prizemoney elevated him to that stage of the racing year into third place on the European Leading First Season Sires ladder and fifth on the European juvenile list. The success also meant the first three first crop sires in order of earnings, Zoffany (IRE) (Dansili-Tyranny by Machiavellian), Canford Cliffs (IRE) (Tagula-Mrs Marsh by Marju) and Dream Ahead, are all current visitors to Australia for southern hemisphere use. 


The rise of DUBAWI published: 31 Aug, 2015

Whichever way you analyse it, there is no getting away from which sire is dominating proceedings in the northern hemisphere. With eight Group 1 winners so far this year – double that of his nearest rivals – Dubawi is without doubt the one to beat in 2015.


Cox Plate heroes from Sadler's Wells line published: 31 Aug, 2015

EVER since it was first run at Moonee Valley in 1922, the weight-for-age Cox Plate, a race carrying $3m in prizemoney and run over 2040m in late October, has been a stage for great racehorses and excellence at stud. Coolmore sires Adelaide (IRE) and So You Think (NZ) are Cox Plate winners from the Sadler’s Wells male line, but they each took a different path to the race before etching their names on its honour board of great performers.


The Unenviable Role of the Egghead published: 31 Aug, 2015

In my considered opinion, eggheads get a bad rap. Some would say it’s not surprising I would want to bring that up for consideration. Yes, the shape of my head has been mentioned on occasion, but, like our President Obama when his signature Affordable Care Act was ridiculed as “Obamacare,” I’ve learned to embrace it. The credit goes to Sid Fernando, who would remind me about it from time to time after he took over as CEO of Werk Thoroughbred Consultants. We joke about it now. 


Exciting colts look destined for southern duty published: 07 Jul, 2015

WITH the calendar year only just over halfway through, it already appears that four of the year’s most exciting colts are destined to be at stud for the coming northern season. Golden Horn and American Pharoah, who is believed likely to shuttle to Australia for 2015-16, are currently the world’s highest rated racehorses. Gleneagles is the world’s leading three year-old turf miler and Brazen Beau, who will cover his first southern mares in 2015, is the world’s top rated sprinter. 


Geoffrey Russell published: 17 Aug, 2015

GEOFFREY Russell is the director of sales at Keeneland in Lexington, Kentucky and has been in this role since 2001. Irish-born Russell brought to the table a deep love of pedigrees and bloodlines when he started working for Keeneland back in 1996. 
  This love of the auction business and of horse racing began at an early age when he remembers going along to the races at age six . . . 


Loyal Breeders get to share the upside published: 27 Aug, 2015

AUSTRALIAN breeders may not have access to outstanding American stallion Malibu Moon, but it is thanks to this horse that Spendthrift Farm has set up a base in Victoria . . . well in a roundabout way.


Bruce Slade published: 13 Aug, 2015

A family tragedy when he was three changed Bruce Slade’s life and put him on the path to a career in the thoroughbred industry. The young South African has already packed a great deal of experience into his 29 years and the most recent chapter in an eventful life began early this year when he became director of stallions and sales at Newgate Farm in the Hunter Valley. 


Hallowed Crown published: 13 Aug, 2015

Eduardo Cojuangco’s long time passion for the Australian thoroughbred has been nurtured at his Gooree Stud near Mudgee for many decades and has been rewarded with stars like Northern Meteor, Snowland, Swift Alliance, Smart Missile, Your Song and Darley Stud new boy Hallowed Crown. He stands Hallowed crown in partnership with Sheikh Mohammed, and the dual Gr.1 winner and son of Kentucky Derby winner Street Sense will cover his first mares in the Hunter Valley from September.


Northern champions were shuttle visitors to Coolmore published: 27 Jul, 2015

THE shuttle system has been a great boon for Australian breeders, allowing access to some of the world’s great racehorses and sires. 


Hallowed Crown, crowned prince of the Street Cry line published: 27 Jul, 2015

THE late Street Cry (IRE) (Machiavellian-Helen Street by Troy) only just missed heading the Australian sires’ table a few years back, and he has been in phenomenal form recently. 


Classic contests dominated by Pharoah published: 27 Jul, 2015

THE American Triple Crown fell to American Pharoah in 2015 and he became the first horse since Affirmed, 37 years ago, to achieve this feat. While he claimed the spotlight in the US, the European classics for three year-olds were certainly not a one horse race, although the dual Guineas winner Gleneagles certainly caught the eye.


Speed counts and Whittington has it in spades published: 27 Jul, 2015

CLEVERLY named Whittington, a son of Tale of the Cat (USA), won the historic Breeders’ Plate-LR (1000m in 58.46) at two, a season where trainer Gai Waterhouse rated him so highly, he started in the Golden Slipper. In an industry where speed is of the essence, Whittington looks perfectly placed to make a success of his stud career, following a path set by previous Breeders’ Plate winners like Luskin Star, Baguette, Choisir and Snitzel.


Polamore published: 14 Jul, 2015

POLARMORE, a Sydney-winning son of champion sire More Than Ready (USA) and the Golden Slipper-Gr.1 winner Polar Success, will cover his first book of mares at Steven Fell’s Oxley Island Thoroughbreds, near Taree this spring. His fee is just $2200.


Puissance de Lune published: 14 Jul, 2015

Puissance de Lune (ex Princess Serena by Unbridled’s Song (USA)) developed a cult following in Australia as he climbed though the classes with a series of dashing wins.


Young broodmare sires published: 14 Jul, 2015

Evaluating broodmare sires is a precarious business at the best of times. Even more challenging is spotting a good one early enough to be able to act on the information.


Adam Tims published: 05 Jul, 2015

A childhood dream of working in the racing industry has become a reality for accountant Adam Tims. Today his company, Stable Financial, has a client list of major Australian and International bloodstock investors, and Adam also offers his time and expertise to help industry bodies such as TBV, Aushorse and TBA.


Dissident published: 05 Jul, 2015

Five-times Gr.1 winner Dissident begins stud duty at Newgate Farm this spring, carrying the More Than Ready (USA) male line into a second generation. He’s a son of that horse’s champion juvenile and Golden Slipper winner Sebring, and his pedigree combines a double of breed shaper Danzig 5mx3m through Gr.1-winning sprinters Danehill (USA) and Anabaa (USA).


Colm Santry published: 06 Jul, 2015

COOLMORE Stud’s nominations and sales manager Colm Santry has led a fascinating and fulfilling life in the world of bloodstock. He has experienced every part of the industry and now lives his life travelling between sales, race meetings and stud farms with a mobile phone that scarcely stops ringing.


Website bookings published: 22 Jun, 2015

Get your stallion listed on Stallions.com.au


Sometimes the Sun rises in the west published: 05 May, 2015

DELICACY’S successive wins in the recent Western Australian Oaks and Derby, saw the sun shine brightly once again on a thoroughbred family that springs from the wonderful producer Pambo, a brown mare foaled in 1958 by Jumbo out of Too Gay by Le Grand Duc.


Mike Fleming published: 05 May, 2015

Having a good support network behind you is one of the secrets to success in any business. Owner/Manager of Hunter Valley’s Broadwater Thoroughbreds Mike Fleming, who has firmly established the farm as a quality vendor of top-end thoroughbreds in recent years, is grateful for the support that he has received over the years from those closest to him…


Sheer Talent published: 09 Jun, 2015

SHEER TALENT, a Gr.3 winner and Gr.1 placed son of champion sire Redoute’s Choice and a descendant of famed mare Mumtaz Mahal, will begin his stud career in 2015 at Carrington Park Stud near Robertson in NSW. He will stand at $4400.


Rock Hero published: 09 Jun, 2015

ROCK HERO, a stakeswinning son of champion sire Fastnet Rock and the Gr.2 winner Gallant Tess (Gallileo) begins his stud career at Lauriston Park in 2015. His fee is $4950.


Spendthrift Farm published: 09 Jun, 2015

THE Gr.1-winning sprinters Jimmy’s Creed (USA) and Warrior’s Reward (USA) and Gr.1 placed juvenile Can The Man (USA) along with Redoute’s Choice’s Gr.1 winning son Hampton Court, will launch Spendthift Farm’s foray into Australian breeding, all shuttling to Victoria for the 2015 season. They will also be available on the farm’s unique Share The Upside program, a scheme new to this country.


Cluster published: 09 Jun, 2015

VICTORIAN breeders should find Gr.2 winner Cluster a welcome addition to the state’s stallion ranks as his $6600 fee looks very enticing for a talented son of champion sire Fastnet Rock. In the money in six of his 12 starts and winner of the Theo Marks Stakes (1400m), Cluster joins the roster at Neville Murdoch’s Larneuk Stud, Euroa.


Vin Cox published: 09 Jun, 2015

LIKE many people in the racing industry, the passion for this great sport began at an early age for Magic Millions managing director Vin Cox. The champions Kingston Town and Manikato were real favourites of the young Cox, who also had a soft spot for the great Marscay.
  Vin grew up in Mudgee NSW, and went off to boarding school at The Kings School in Parramatta. The very first race meeting he went to after going to Sydney was the Golden Slipper meeting in 1982 when he walked down from the school to watch Marscay win the great race. Many years have passed since that day, but the passion is still there and that love of racing has crossed over into becoming his career.


Dundeel published: 09 Jun, 2015

A six-time Gr.1 winner from the Sadler’s Wells male line and tracing to legendary broodmare Eulogy, Dundeel (NZ) was an exceptional middle distance performer at three and four and the first modern 3YO Triple Crown winner. He served a stellar book at Arrowfield in 2014 and his first foals arrive this spring.


Chris Watson published: 09 Jun, 2015

The Watson family can thank the weather gods for the start of their thriving thoroughbred enterprise at Mill Park in South Australia which began in earnest when a truck load of mares arrived at the sheep property to escape a cold and wet Adelaide winter. Now, more than 20 years later and with Chris Watson at the helm, the stud can boast 16 Gr.1 winners and a reputation as one of the finest nurseries in the country.


Female factor published: 14 May, 2015

In recent articles in Bluebloods, I’ve written about the importance of the female line in thoroughbred breeding, most notably through the Rasmussen Factor (inbreeding to superior females within five generations) and the work of Floyd Oliver.


Golden Archer published: 14 May, 2015

In the racing world speed is of the essence and the Danehill “brand” has proved remarkably effective at producing a long line of fast hoses and dominates the sires’ list. Golden Archer, a grandson of Danehill, lived up to his pedigree with five of his eight wins coming in stakes company and he’s proving very popular at Raheen Stud in Queensland where he will soon cover his third book of mares.


Biddy Oquist published: 14 May, 2015

A chance meeting with thoroughbred industry doyenne Jennifer Churchill paved the way for Biddy Oquist to embark on her long love affair with breeding and racing. She’s been an administrator, bred and raced a Gr.1 winner, a valuable cog in the Arrowfield operation and is set to retire from the TBA.


The Brothers War published: 21 Apr, 2015

BROTHERS Angus and Richard Lamont are certainly on the same page when it comes to praising their new Kooringal Stud stallion for 2015, talented sprinter The Brothers War (USA), a son of Danzig supersire War Front. The attractive bay, who was in the first three in 10 of his 13 starts will stand at the Wagga Wagga property on $11,000 (including GST).


Deep Field published: 21 Apr, 2015

TALENTED sprinter Deep Field (Northern Meteor-Listen Here by Elusive Quality (USA)) will join the growing roster at Newgate Farm, Aberdeen in 2015 after retiring in early April. Winner of his first five starts by a combined total of 24 lengths, he is a brother to Gr.1 winner Shooting to Win and traces to wonderful broodmare Eight Carat (GB).


Identifying Sires published: 21 Apr, 2015

MOST leading broodmare sires of today were prominent sires of winners in the recent past and some are still active. 


Medaglia d'Oro published: 21 Apr, 2015

Medaglia d’Oro came to Australia with a big reputation as the sire of a Horse of the Year in his first US crop. Now, as sire of this season’s star juvenile, Golden Slipper-Gr.1 winner Vancouver, he is living up to the hype. The Darley sire hails from a US branch of the Sadler’s Wells male line and is a big (16.2) handsome horse who transmits his looks and ability and has more than 
400 winners around the globe.


Petrea Vela published: 16 Jan, 2015

The two-day New Zealand Bloodstock Premier Yearling Sale will commence on January 26.

That is Australia Day but this will not prevent breeders, owners trainers and bloodstock agents crossing the Tasman Sea to be at Karaka.

The Premier will be followed by the Select sale from January 28 to 30 and the Festival sale on February 1.


Sam Fairgray published: 19 Dec, 2014

No doubt Sydney’s champion trainer Chris Waller will be foremost amongst the buyers at the Inglis Classic Yearling Sale at Newmarket on February 8, 9 and 10.

In past seasons graduates of the sale have had special memories for Waller with Triple Honour being his stable’s first Group 1 winner and Pressday being his first two-year-old winner at the elite level.


David Chester published: 28 Nov, 2014

The burgeoning market in China for Australian thoroughbreds has received a boost following the Free Trade Agreement reached with the federal government.

As a result the import tariffs on racehorses going into China will be totally removed over the next few years.


New Zealand Bloodstock published: 21 Nov, 2014

When Chris Waller and a group of his owners decided to purchase yearlings with Derby-winning potential their immediate target became the New Zealand Bloodstock offering at Karaka.

Among Waller’s purchases with this in mind, was a youngster by Cambridge Stud’s eminently successful stallion Zabeel from the Flying Spur mare Better Alternative, who was a winner over 2000m


Cameron Croucher published: 07 Nov, 2014

Over the last 30 years or so the international transportation of thoroughbreds has been on an ever-increasing spiral.

Along the way the internalization of the racing and breeding industries has been accompanied by a more positive world wide approach to quarantine regulations.

This, in turn, has led to an increase in the demands for international flights and a continual upgrading of the techniques involved in transporting such a valuable commodity.


Andrew Birch published: 31 Oct, 2014

New Zealand Thoroughbred Marketing chief executive Andrew Birch has already put together quite an impressive record in the racing industry.

After securing a degree in marketing and international business Andrew began working with NZTM in 2001 and later joined auction house New Zealand Bloodstock.


Peter Ellis published: 17 Oct, 2014

Over the years there has been no more competitive race on the Australian calendar than the Cox Plate at Moonee Valley.

Since its inception in 1922 the event has been won by the greats of the turf.


Tony Williams published: 10 Oct, 2014

Since being established in 2010 by Henry Field, Newgate Farm has quickly been developed into one of the leading and most progressive studs in Australia.

As Henry says development has been based on a “simple, yet effective approach” of concentrating on “quality bloodstock and quality people”.


Fin Powrie published: 19 Sep, 2014

It is not widely known that racing began in Bahrain – a small island country situated near the western shores of the Persian Gulf – has a history dating back to 1948.

 Over the years since, as Dubai and other desert regions have come to international racing prominence, Bahrain has tended to languish behind.


David Chester published: 12 Sep, 2014

With Gerry Harvey calling in his debt Magic Millions will hold a massive unreserved sale of the holdings of Nathan Tinkler’s Patinack Farm operation.

The sale, which is said to be the largest private dispersal in Australian history, will take place on both sides of the annual Gold Coast Magic Millions Two-Year-Olds-in-Training Sale.


Joe McGrath published: 09 Sep, 2014

This year the Melbourne Cup – now sponsored by Emirates – will be run for the 154th time at Flemington on November 4.

As a lead up to the event which, quite literally stops the nation, the Victoria Racing Club conducts its now traditional Melbourne Cup Tour.


Jonathan D'Arcy published: 22 Aug, 2014

The countdown to the Inglis yearling sales in 2015 has already begun.

On August 1 entries for the company’s Sydney Classic Summer Book, Melbourne Premier, Australian Easter, VOBIS Gold, Sydney Classic Autumn Book and Scone yearling sales closed.


Adam White published: 15 Aug, 2014

For over a century the land on which Vinery Australia sits – the property originally operated under the Segenhoe Stud banner – has been the breeding ground for high quality racehorses.


Ross Hatton published: 01 Aug, 2014

Since being founded in the late 1960s by the fabled Colin Hayes Lindsay Park Stud at Angaston in South Australia has, for the main part, been a leading player on the Australian thoroughbred breeding scene.


Sue Ellis published: 25 Jul, 2014

Now under ownership of a Hong Kong-based company Victoria’s Eliza Park International is recognized as a major player on the Australian thoroughbred scene.


Vin Cox published: 14 Apr, 2014

Over the last 20 years Sri Lankan businessman Muzaffar Yaseen’s Teeley Assets has developed one of Australia’s most successful thoroughbred dynasties.


Andrew Harding published: 28 Feb, 2014

The Asian Racing Federation is the peak regional body for thoroughbred racing in Asia, Australia, Arabia and South Africa.


Tony Williams published: 22 Feb, 2014

As the 2014 Inglis Australian Easter Yearling Sale, at Newmarket on April 8, 9 and 10, draws closer the activity around the sale is gathering momentum.


Michael Ford published: 31 Jan, 2014

The Australian Stud Book is respected as one of the foremost publications in the world of the thoroughbred.


James Price published: 10 Jan, 2014

The Inglis Sydney Classic Yearling Sale - Summer Book follows on quickly from the Gold Coast Magic Millions Yearling Sale.


Peter Ellis published: 27 Dec, 2013

The last 12 months have been quite enthralling as far as the Australian racing scene is concerned.

In the opening months of the year the feats of Black Caviar captured the attention and imagination of the Australian public and people around the world.


David Chester published: 20 Dec, 2013

There can be no better way to start the annual round of yearling sales in Australia and New Zealand than with the Gold Coast Magic Millions offering.


Philip Campbell published: 16 Aug, 2013

The Campbell family’s Blue Gum Farm has set a high standard since it began standing the Nonoalco horse Noalcoholic at its newly founded property near Euroa in central Victoria in 1984.


Brian Gorman published: 09 Aug, 2013

Over the last half-a-century there have been few better known or important names in the thoroughbred industry than that of the late Robert Sangster, who became renowned as an international racing mogul.


Greg Willis published: 02 Aug, 2013

For a long-time now the Willis family’s Chatswood Stud has been playing a significant part in the development of the Victorian thoroughbred breeding industry.


Jeff Kruger published: 12 Aug, 2013

In the years since being established in 1956 at Warwick, on Queensland’s Darling Downs, the Kruger family’s Lyndhurst Stud has been a significant player in the Australian bloodstock industry.


Alastair Pulford published: 05 Aug, 2012

Over the last decade or so Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid al Maktoum’s Darley Australia has been playing an increasingly significant part in the development of nation’s thoroughbred industry.


Craig Cameron published: 10 May, 2013

Over the last few years the newly founded BC3 Thoroughbreds has become a major player in the Australian bloodstock industry.


Andrew Seabrook published: 18 Jan, 2013

Graduates of New Zealand Bloodstock’s yearling sales continue to be a dominant force whether at home, in Australia or other parts of the world.


Jonathan D'Arcy published: 11 Jan, 2013

Following on quickly from the Gold Coast Magic Millions the Inglis Classic Yearling Sale, to be held at Newmarket on January 20 and 21, is steadily picking up an avid following.


The Brothers War published: 14 Apr, 2015


Zebedee published: 14 Apr, 2015


Trust in a Gust published: 14 Apr, 2015


Toronado published: 14 Apr, 2015


Hallowed Crown published: 14 Apr, 2015


Brazen Beau published: 14 Apr, 2015


Olympic Glory published: 13 Apr, 2015

HE’S an Irish bred four-time European Gr.1 winner, by an Australian bred Gr.1 winner boasting big race victories in Australia and the UK. That may take a second for you to get your head around but it describes Arrowfield Stud’s exciting newcomer, the brilliant sprinter-miler Olympic Glory (IRE).


Puissance de Lune published: 13 Apr, 2015

EVERYBODY loves a grey and Swettenham Stud new boy Puissance de Lune (IRE) is about as ‘picture book’ as you can get. However don’t be fooled by those dapples, the striking entire is no rocking horse and his turn of foot would make even the best sprinters jealous.


Clarry Conners published: 13 Apr, 2015

Clarry Conners learned all about horses literally on his father’s knee and the methods taught by this wise old horseman have stood his son in good stead, taking him to the top echelon of Australia’s trainers and landing him four winners in the Golden Slipper-Gr.1 and a host of other successes 
at the elite level.


Better Than Ready published: 12 Apr, 2015


Freshman 2015 published: 12 Apr, 2015

A list of horses new to stud in Australia for the 2015 season


Steve Tregea published: 10 Jun, 2012

Hard work and a hands-on approach have given Steve Tregea success in business and in the world 
of the thoroughbred. As a breeder and trainer, the Windemere Stud principal had some great rewards, as well as “being on the wrong end of the pineapple”, but for someone who was “always mad about horses”, he wouldn’t change a thing.


Paul Knight published: 08 Jul, 2012

Paul Knight has had a real passion for his work at Magic Millions since he left school more than 
25 years ago and is now the sales company’s bloodstock operations manager. This good fortune to have a job he loves has prompted Paul to realise how lucky he has been and to try and help others who have not been so fortunate.


Jaime Mackay published: 12 Aug, 2012

Champion polo player Jaime Mackay’s life has always been tied up with horses and the land, so it really came as no surprise when Jaime turned over his historic family property to the breeding of thoroughbreds and Cangon Stud Farm was born. It’s a move that Jaime, wife Jennifer and children Jock and Catriona haven’t regretted.


Anthony Mithen published: 09 Sep, 2012

A winning quinella on the 1982 Melbourne Cup started Anthony Mithen’s involvement in racing, his love of sport led to a successful career in the media and his marriage introduced him to a family with a passion for breeding thoroughbreds and to eventually running a stud that is home to Gr.1 winners Danzero and Toorak Toff. There has been plenty of hard work along the way too, it’s all part of a plan to make Rosemont an industry leader in Victoria.


Yarraman Park Stud published: 17 Mar, 2015

YARRAMAN Park Stud principals Arthur and Harry Mitchell and their clients are enjoying great recent success with emerging stallion I Am Invincible, while the stud’s stalwart Magic Albert and up-and-comer Hinchinbrook are also turning out their share of winners. Yarraman Park is gearing for Easter with a stellar draft, one which kicks off with “a very attractive” Fastnet Rock colt.


Widden Stud published: 17 Mar, 2015

WIDDEN Stud is without doubt one of Australia’s most successful thoroughbred nurseries. A seventh generation of the Thompson family is now at the helm and the property is in an environment ideal for the rearing of young thoroughbreds. Lush, spacious paddocks feed off rich alluvial creek flats, surrounded by huge sandstone cliffs, which combine to provide the perfect foundation for potential Gr.1 winners to thrive and grow.


Vinery Stud published: 17 Mar, 2015

CHAMPION sire More Than Ready (USA) (Southern Halo-Woodman’s Girl by Woodman (USA)) headlines Vinery Stud’s outstanding consignment of 18 yearlings for the Inglis Easter Sale starting on April 7. The Gr.1 winner and leading sire with runners like Sebring, More Joyous and Samaready among more than 130 stakes winners, had five lots make $500,000 or more at the 2014 Easter Sale and he has another 30 yearlings this year including Vinery fillies from Gr.1 mares Sacred Choice and Bollinger.


Tyreel Stud published: 17 Mar, 2015

TYREEL Stud has a rich and proud history at the Inglis Australian Easter Yearling sales. For decades Tyreel has been represented by high quality bluebloods at Easter, and they have gone on to translate their strong pedigrees and looks into high class performances on racetracks all over the world.


Turangga Farm published: 17 Mar, 2015

TURANGGA Farm’s star Easter graduate, Able Friend (Shamardal (USA)-Ponte Piccolo (NZ) by Volksraad (GB)) has truly flown the flag for the Scone nursery. Now the highest rated horse ever trained out of Hong Kong, Able Friend currently sits third on the overall international rankings with a rating of 127 behind only the Japanese duo of Just A Way and Epiphaneia.


Torryburn Stud published: 17 Mar, 2015

MEMBERS of the flourishing Redoute’s Choice sire line make up the majority of Torryburn Stud’s 2015 Easter draft, including a son and daughter of this champion stallion. There are also several youngsters by his Oakleigh Plate winner Snitzel, who finished runner-up to Redoute’s Choice on the Champion Sire standings in 2013-14.


Think Big Stud published: 17 Mar, 2015

THE emergence of Think Big Stud was in many ways inevitable as owner Dato Tan Chin Nam’s core business is in real estate and the idea of owning land had been contemplated for a long time. Dato Tan had previously kept his mares at Kia-Ora Stud while hunting for the right property, and purchased Inverness Stud at Burradoo from Dr Jack Woolridge in late 2007.


Souther Cross Breeders published: 17 Mar, 2015

THE quality of yearling sale drafts presented by Southern Cross Breeders is well known and Easter 2015 is no exception with a quality selection of well related youngsters by a good mix of proven and up-and-coming stallions. The Fastnet Rock connection is a strong one here with lovely youngsters by his first crop sons Foxwedge and Smart Missile, while another first crop star in So You Think (NZ) is also represented.


Sledmere Stud published: 17 Mar, 2015

SLEDMERE Stud is located on the edge of Scone in the heart of thoroughbred country of the Upper Hunter Valley, and is operated by Catriona (Treen) and Royston Murphy. It has a long and proud history of producing high class racehorses, and the husband and wife team took over the management of Sledmere in 2014 and have enjoyed their first year running the farm together.


Segenhoe Stud published: 17 Mar, 2015

“A CONSPICUOUS effort to buy high class stakes performing mares who tick the boxes with conformation and pedigree”, has resulted in a classy Easter draft for Segenhoe Stud. Described by stud manager Peter O’Brien as “a stunningly beautiful bunch of yearlings” the draft is the second for Segenhoe since being taken over by the Maloney family in 2010. 


Riversdale Farm published: 17 Mar, 2015

RIVERSDALE Farm, in the heart of thoroughbred country at Scone, is a family run broodmare farm established by Peter and Alison Hodges and now run by their son Nick. Riversdale has been rearing and breeding winners for more than 30 years and recent stars to come off the Hunter Valley farm include Black Jag, a winner of more than $450,000 and the very talented My Destiny who won the Lough Neagh Stakes–LR and earned $345,000. 


Newhaven Park published: 17 Mar, 2015

A Derby winner in South Africa, a Group One sprinter in Singapore, a Magic Millions 2YO Classic winner, a champion two-year-old in Western Australia and a string of top class winners in Sydney, Melbourne, Queensland and South Australia.


Newgate Farm published: 17 Mar, 2015

FIRST crop sons and daughters of William Reid Stakes-Gr.1 winner Foxwedge (Fastnet Rock) are highlights of Newgate Farm’s Easter draft and Henry Field is looking forward to showing them off. “He is truly stamping his stock and they have wonderful minds to match,” he said.


Milburn Creek published: 17 Mar, 2015

THE motto of Milburn Creek is, “a good reputation does not just happen - it must be earned”. There is no truer sentiment in the tough, competitive game of thoroughbred breeding, but it’s fair to say boutique NSW stud Milburn Creek has a good reputation and then some. 


The Macquarie Stud published: 17 Mar, 2015

DAVID BAXTER’S Macquarie Stud has been in his family for about 50 years and has been selling at the Inglis Australian Easter Sale since 1975. This longevity in the breeding industry is admirable and when asked about it, Baxter said there were two main factors, the first was to keep working hard to strive for quality, but by far the most important factor was loyal staff. 


Kia-Ora Stud published: 17 Mar, 2015

 KIA-ORA Stud’s Easter 2015 draft is the culmination of a lot of hard work by the team at the Scone farm, and stud manager Alex Kingston is justifiably proud of the results. “The team as a whole has taken a lot of effort in preparing our yearlings and we are very happy with the quality of the draft.” 


Holbrook Thoroughbreds published: 17 Mar, 2015

 THE Harris family has been raising good horses for generations and Julie Harris, the latest in a long line of experienced thoroughbred breeders, is carrying on the good work at her lovely property in the epicentre of the breeding industry in the Hunter Valley. Holbrook Thoroughbreds is a family owned boutique broodmare and agistment farm in prime thoroughbred country about 15 kilometres east of Scone on the Pages River. 


Fairview Park Stud published: 17 Mar, 2015

 WHEN a vendor sells a Golden Slipper winner, you’d expect to see lots of backslapping and general cheering about the achievement as breeding the winner of our major race for two year-olds is the ultimate goal for many breeders. Last year’s Golden Slipper-Gr.1 winner Mossfun (Mossman-Eye for Fun by Snitzel)), bred in conjunction by Fairview Park’s Linda Duckworth, her husband Dr Ian Duckworth and partners Heather McKinnon and Darren Pullman, sold at Easter in 2013 for $85,000 and yet Linda Duckworth remains down to earth about Mossfun and her victory. 


Evergreen Stud Farm published: 17 Mar, 2015

TONY BOTT’S boutique Evergreen Stud Farm at Heatherbrae has an excellent record of producing the type of racehorse buyers love. The BTC T.J. Smith-Gr.1 winner Sizzling (Snitzel- Admirelle by General Nediym), who has earnings of $1.3m, was sold off the farm and other graduates include Gr.1 placed, Listed winner Run for Naara (More Than Ready-Kristopher Street (USA) by Kris S), Gr.2 winner Happy Galaxy (Nadeem-Seven Stars by King’s Best (USA)) as well as several Listed winners in the past few years.


Eureka Stud published: 17 Mar, 2015

WHEN Andrew McAlpine founded Eureka Stud on the Darling Downs in 1935 he could not have imagined the success that was to come the way of this family-owned thoroughbred nursery. In recent times horses like AJC Oaks winner Just Now, Magic Millions 2YO Classic heroine Sea Cabin and the brilliant brothers Spirit of Boom and Temple of Boom have flown the flag for the stud.


Emirates Park published: 17 Mar, 2015

EMIRATES Park has been established in Australia for 25 years and during that time has achieved a great success for breeding, selling and racing. His Excellency Nasser Lootah purchased Emirates Park (Blandford Park) in the Upper Hunter in 1989 and set out to establish a world class facility where he could enjoy his breeding and racing. 


Edinglassie Stud published: 17 Mar, 2015

EDINGLASSIE Stud is nestled on the banks of the Hunter River near Muswellbrook and is steeped in Australian pioneering heritage. The property was the initial settlement for the White family when they came to the Hunter Valley more than 150 years ago, before later being purchased by the Oatley family, famous their yachting, equestrian and thoroughbred pursuits and of course for starting Rosemount Wines and as owners of Hamilton Island and Robert Oatley Wines.


Corumbene Stud published: 17 Mar, 2015

WHILE it is a small draft from Corumbene Stud at Easter 2015, it is a select one, with the stud’s three yearlings chosen for their class, presence and style. Raised in lush surroundings at Corumbene, they hail from the same paddocks as outstanding gallopers Overreach, Sebring, True Jewels (all Gr.1 winning two year-olds) and Heart Ruler.


Canning Downs published: 17 Mar, 2015

CANNING Downs on the Darling Downs of Queensland near Warwick is the oldest thoroughbred farm in Queensland, having produced racehorses since 1842. This is proven horse country and from reasonably small foal crops Canning Downs has produced winners of 29 Gr.1 races.


Broadwater Thoroughbreds published: 17 Mar, 2015

MIKE and Kate Fleming’s Broadwater Thoroughbreds, in the heart of the Hunter Valley’s thoroughbred breeding country, will present a quality, 16-strong draft at this year’s Inglis Australian Easter Yearling Sale. Although this is only the fourth draft taken to the Easter auction under the Broadwater Thoroughbreds banner, the stud’s record is an enviable one.


Bowness Stud & Vieira Group published: 17 Mar, 2015

“EASTER is Easter,” said Bowness Stud’s John North when asked to describe the quality of the stud’s 2015 draft, “they are all good! Yearlings entered for the Easter Sale have to present well at inspection to get in, and I am extremely happy with our group who have all progressed extremely well since that time, they look great.”


Bell View Park Stud published: 17 Mar, 2015

Youngsters from the finest families at home, abroad


Attunga Stud published: 17 Mar, 2015

Buyers with all range of budgets should be able to find something nice to buy from our 11 lots


Arrowfield Stud published: 17 Mar, 2015

Thirty-four spectacular Arrowfield yearlings await buyers at the Newmarket Barn including colts from Gr. 1 winners Miss Finland, Alinghi, Brazilian Pulse, Hollow Bullet, Miss Match & a filly from South African champion National Colour.


Amarina Farm published: 17 Mar, 2015

With recent graduates the likes of Catkins, Super Cool, Karacatis, Krupt, Aeronautical, Lets Rocknroll, Testamezzo and Wowee doing the farm proud, the quality continues unabated for Amarina Farm.


Henry Field published: 09 Oct, 2012

A member of the Moses family and steeped in thoroughbred tradition, Henry Field had the best tutors as he set out to learn everything he could about the industry. His passion to acquire knowledge and his dedication have seen Henry’s fledgling Newgate Farm operation make an immediate impact at the highest levels of racing and breeding and it seems this young man has a bright future indeed.


Alan Thomas published: 13 Nov, 2012

Growing up as part of a sports mad gang of kids, inheriting a love of horses and the races from his Dad, and possessing a great memory for horse names and racing silks gave Alan Thomas a flying start in his career as a race caller and sports commentator and led to him becoming one of racing’s great assets in Queensland.


Brett Howard published: 10 Dec, 2012

Thanks to a grandmother who liked a bet, the young Brett Howard got an early taste for the racing industry that eventually developed into a vocation. He now runs the successful Randwick Bloodstock Agency with his wife Rachael as well as an agistment property in the lower Hunter Valley, and this proud parent of three young sons says he “couldn’t be happier”.


Varda Green published: 08 Jan, 2013

Although she lived in Sydney’s eastern suburbs as a youngster Varda Green pestered her family for a pony and the passion for horses never went away. These days Varda and her partner, former trainer Ian Macpherson, specialise in standing stallions and are relishing the lifestyle at their Wattle Grove Stud in the NSW southern highlands.


John Sunderland published: 04 Feb, 2013

A decision to remain in Australia after his first visit more than 20 years ago has proven the right one for Irishman John Sunderland and, thanks to the support of “wonderful people” in the thoroughbred industry who have helped him along the way, he is now the general manager of Darley’s Woodlands Stud operation at Denman.


Gray Williamson published: 11 Mar, 2013

Taking a gamble on breeding thoroughbreds more than 30 years ago proved a very astute move for Gray Williamson, his wife Jan and their family, as they have developed Mungrup Stud into one of the most successful in the nation and a great advertisement for their home state of Western Australia.


Stephanie Grentell published: 16 Apr, 2013

With hurdle jockeys in her family it’s little wonder Stephanie Grentell isn’t afraid to tackle the big obstacles in life including eventually becoming an auctioneer of thoroughbreds and a bloodstock agent. While she chases these goals and runs marathons for a hobby, she’s forging a career in a male-dominated world and is a valued member of the team at Inglis, based in Melbourne.


Steve Hart published: 11 Jun, 2013

Steve Hart was determined his dream of combining his passions for racing and photography would one day become a reality and provide a full time career. He achieved his goal through hard work and dedication and now he’s giving something back to the sport as a director of Wyong Race Club.

 


Tony McEvoy published: 13 May, 2013

Learning at the hands of a master in Colin Hayes has certainly helped Tony McEvoy in his climb to the top ranks of Australian trainers. Now the South Australian is enjoying the next stage of his career and is training plenty of winners from his state-of-the-art property Kildalton Park.


Rob Slade published: 12 Aug, 2014

WHEN leading racehorse syndicator Rob Slade gave up his accounting career to pursue his racing interest back in the 1990s he was adamant that it was for good. “Yes, I put all my cardigans with those leather patches in a pile in the backyard, threw in my green pens, some kerosene and started a bonfire,” he laughed. “There was the smell of burning leather and green ink in the air. Mind you I never wore a cardigan, let’s make that very clear!


Duporth & All American published: 08 Jul, 2014

DAVID BAY takes a look at two young sons of Red Ransom (USA), Duporth and All American, who created quite an impression with their first runners in 2013-14, as well as a grandson, Shrapnel, whose first yearlings will be offered at sales in 2015.


Shortlisting published: 12 May, 2014

Watching the purchasing process that buyers undertake when they are at yearling sales is as much an observation of human prejudice and paranoia as it is of true risk/loss aversion.


Allegretta Founded a phenomenal modern family published: 10 Feb, 2015

With the news that Galileo has collected his sixth European sires’ championship in 2014 with progeny earnings of $US18.6m for the year, LES YOUNG takes this timely look at the remarkable record of his dam Urban Sea and second dam Allegretta.


Multidimensional Cross published: 12 Aug, 2014

WHEN one thinks of the fine art of thoroughbred breeding, the word ‘India’ doesn’t readily come to mind. Yet this emerging economic giant has a well-established racehorse industry, with some intriguing lessons for breeders in other parts of the world.


Australia published: 15 Jul, 2014

Federico Tesio, who many would regard as the greatest thoroughbred breeder of all time, once famously stated that 'the thoroughbred exists because its selection has depended, not on experts, technicians, or zoologists, but on a piece of wood: the winning post of the Epsom Derby. If you base your criteria on anything else, you will get something else, not the thoroughbred.'


I Am Invincible published: 10 Nov, 2014

GIVEN that, for all his merits in Europe, Invincible Spirit (IRE) (Green Desert-Rafha by Kris) was rather a disappointment in Australia, it came as a pleasant surprise to see his son, I Am Invincible (ex Cannarelle by Canny Lad) gallop away with the Champion Freshman Sire crown last season.


California Chrome published: 09 Jun, 2014

SYNCHRONICITY? Kismet? Or coincidence? Most media outlets have already related the story of how Art Sherman, 77, became the oldest trainer ever to saddle a Kentucky Derby-Gr.1 winner when California Chrome galloped off with the 140th renewal of the great race, had made his last trip to the Twin Spires as exercise rider for Cal-bred Swaps, the Kentucky Derby hero of 1955


Street Cry's sons published: 14 Oct, 2014

BRIAN RUSSELL reviews Street Cry’s contribution to the thoroughbred breeding industry around the globe following the stallion’s death in mid-September and looks at his young sons who are gearing up to follow in his footsteps.


Faith's Gust published: 06 Aug, 2014

JOHN MESSARA has always been one to think outside the square and perhaps that is one of the reasons the Arrowfield Stud principal has been so successful. A few years ago he took the bold step of sending superbly bred mares from Australia and Europe to Japan's super sire Sunday Silence (USA) and had them covered to southern hemisphere time between 1998-2001.


Mark Shean published: 13 Oct, 2014

Although his father and grandfather were jockeys, Mark Shean never considered that profession, although he knew he wanted to be involved in the racing industry in some capacity. So he put his memory for names and colours to good use and began calling races as a youngster, and then professionally from the time he was 16. Now he’s one of the country’s most respected race broadcasters, working for TVN in NSW.


Chris Russell published: 07 Apr, 2014

The tragic death of his father Ken in a race fall at Rosehill has not stopped Chris Russell from forging a career in the thoroughbred industry and he’s grateful for all the help and support he received from many industry notables along the way. After an early career at the Magic Millions, these days Chris is a familiar figure at Inglis sales where he has been a bloodstock consultant and auctioneer since August 2012.


Julie Nairn published: 12 Aug, 2014

The decision by her parents to buy a property at Red Hill when she was “just a wee dot” changed Julie Nairn’s life forever and set her on a path into the equestrian world and then into thoroughbred racing and breeding. These days Julie manages stallions through her LP Stallions company and enjoys sharing her love of horses with the many people she meets through her business.


Jacqueline Stewart published: 10 Feb, 2014

Given her love of speed and passion for horses it seems fitting that Jacqueline Stewart has found a career in the world of the thoroughbred. She made history in January when she was appointed the first female Keeper of the Australian Stud Book.


Bryan Carlson published: 10 Sep, 2013

It was always a pretty safe bet that Bryan Carlson’s working life would involve horses, given his parents were both involved in equine pursuits, and that’s the way things have panned out. Bryan, who was riding from a young age, is now nominations manager at Emirates Park in NSW at a time when the Nasser Lootah-owned stud is undergoing a renaissance with some high profile new stallions and a $4m foray into the Easter yearling market.


Darren Thomas published: 10 Dec, 2013

Cornerstone Stud is building on the wonderful legacy of Lindsay Park and South Australian businessman Darren Thomas is at the heart of this revival, backing Sam Hayes in a partnership that could return the stud to the glory days experienced under the stewardship of Sam’s grandfather, legendary trainer and stud master Colin Hayes.


Barry Bowditch published: 12 Jan, 2015

Barry Bowditch felt the lure of the thoroughbred world from an early age with parents who were both involved in the industry and horses “around every corner”. When increasing height and weight ruled out a career as a jockey, Barry turned to the bloodstock side of the business and has never looked back, starting at Inglis and now enjoying a senior role at Magic Millions.


Andrew Wiles published: 13 Jan, 2014

A friendship forged at school led to a life changing job opportunity for Andrew Wiles, who has just taken up the position of Global Chief Financial Officer for Sheikh Mohammed’s global thoroughbred operation after working for Darley Australia since June 2008. He will be based in London alongside his former schoolmate Olly Tait, who is Global Chief Operating Officer of the Dubai ruler’s equine interests.


Grant Burns published: 12 May, 2014

Being born in the same NZ town as Phar Lap and having family involved in the racing industry meant Grant Burns grew up around horses, even if motorbikes became a passion for a time. However it’s hard to escape your destiny, and with some help from distinguished mentors, Grant has established a career as a bloodstock agent and auctioneer in WA.


Bob Charley published: 10 Nov, 2014

From being a member of the Legal Eagles punting syndicate, then media personality, to respected racing administrator, Bob Charley AO has had quite a career in the thoroughbred industry. Now he has combined that knowledge and his love of art to produce a limited edition book, Heroes & Champions, depicting the history of Australian Racing and told via essays on 140 paintings.


Mark Pilkington published: 10 Mar, 2014

If they gave awards for industry “all rounder” Mark Pilkington would certainly be a favourite to take the title. He has been involved in most aspects of the thoroughbred industry in the past 40 years, and has gained respect and accolades along the way. These days he’s helping owners and trainers via his innovative Horse Training Packages and enjoying racing a few horses with friends.


Murray Tillett published: 15 Oct, 2013

Being taken to the races as a special treat gave a young Murray Tillett a love for horses that has led to a career in the industry, mainly with auction houses, but lately as bloodstock manager for the revitalised Woodside Park operation in Victoria. The stud is now home to boom young sire Written Tycoon.


Angus Adkins published: 10 Jun, 2014

Renowned equine veterinary surgeon Angus Adkins is still not sure what prompted his career path, but he hasn’t once regretted the decision he made as a teenager. The Scone Equine Hospital director, who is passionate about mentoring young veterinarians, admits “veterinary science is my life”.


Sir Peter Vela published: 10 Dec, 2014

A thoroughbred called Dominus, who managed to win one race in 24 starts, fired Sir Peter Vela’s interest in the world of racing and breeding while he was still at university and led to him, and his brother Philip, becoming dominant players in the NZ industry. Now Sir Peter is at the helm of Pencarrow Stud and New Zealand Bloodstock.


James Harron published: 12 Nov, 2013

James Harron began riding at six in Northern Ireland and it wasn’t long before he was “horse mad” and determined to make horses his life. Now just 28, he’s already achieved that dream, has had many memorable moments in the thoroughbred industry, and is at the helm of his own bloodstock agency in Sydney.


John Brocklebank published: 09 Jul, 2013

John Brocklebank had the chance at a professional footballing career in the US but he chose to forego it and follow his life long passion for horses, firstly in the world of the quarter horse and then pinhooking thoroughbreds. BC3 Thoroughbreds made headlines this year when paying a record $5m for a yearling half-brother to Black Caviar, and the company he co-founded is now a major player in Australia and US and looking at further expansion.


Tim Faras published: 13 Aug, 2013

Tim Faras has packed an amazing amount of experience and gathered a wealth of knowledge in a lifetime devoted to horses, and these days is putting it to good use as the manager of the well-appointed Royston Stud at Innisplain in Queensland, home to sires Longhorn and Cheval de Troy (NZ).


Robyn Whishaw published: 10 Feb, 2015

The sudden death of husband Denis in October 2004 at age 50 forced Robyn Whishaw to take on the huge job of running the family’s Armidale Stud at Carrick near Launceston at the height of the breeding season. Robyn met this challenge head on and has had great success in the past decade. She is now preparing to hand over the reins to eldest son David.


Basil Nolan published: 12 Aug, 2014

Newly elected TBA president Basil Nolan brings a lifetime of experience to his new role, and the stud owner and former bookmaker has some causes close to his heart. These include extracting money from the corporate bookmakers to help fund the industry and encouraging more people into experiencing the joys of thoroughbred ownership.


Grahame Begg published: 14 Jul, 2014

Following his father Neville around his Randwick stables as a youngster before graduating to the role of travelling foreman, proved great grounding for Grahame Begg who took over the reins of the stable at 29 and soon proved his talent as a trainer. With a relatively small team he’s had a steady stream of good horses since Eye of the Sky became his first Gr.1 winner in 1990.


Paul Blattman published: 09 Mar, 2015

Champions Research and Pierro are just two of the many outstanding horses to begin their education under the guidance of master horseman Paul Blattman who was born to a life in the saddle and whose Whispering Pines property at Oakdale is the finishing school for many of our best thoroughbreds.


Sebring published: 09 Mar, 2015

IT seems hard to believe Sebring’s oldest progeny are just four, such has been their impact on Australian racing. In fact this young Golden Slipper winner has already left more than 110 winners of $11m, led by the multiple Gr.1 winners Dissident and Criterion, both colts from his first crop. At the Gold Coast in January he had 39 yearlings sell to average $127,949, with a top price of $350,000, all off a fee of $33,000.


Bookings open for Stallions 2017 published: 25 Feb, 2017

Stallions 2017 will be presented in our improved 2 PAGES PER HORSE format to allow studmasters and stallion owners the best possible presentation of their horses. There will be room for a large photo, exclusive colour coded 5 generation tabulated pedigree with sibling identifiers, more statistical information including crop analysis and sales information where appropriate and as a real bonus there is now room to incorporate a punchy advertising message.


Barbados published: 10 Sep, 2014

Wonderful grey champions Emancipation and Gunsynd captured the hearts of racegoers and belied their modest beginnings to become part of thoroughbred folklore. Barbados, a son of modern champions Redoute’s Choice and Virage de Fortune, carries the same grey colour and his pedigree features their names. Although his race career was compromised by injury, he looks a valuable addition to the breeding industry in South Australia.


Zoustar published: 14 Jul, 2014

Australia’s two dominant stallions of the past decade, Encosta de Lago and Redoute’s Choice, combine in the pedigree of brilliant sprinter Zoustar who will make his stud debut at Widden in the new season. The dual Gr.1 winner, the first horse to win the Golden Rose and the Ascot Vale (Coolmore) Stakes double, will stand at $44,000.


Magnus published: 10 Oct, 2013

Wouldn’t we all like to race the next Black Caviar? Well, breeders have the chance to tap into her family via smart young sire Magnus, a Gr.1 winning sprinter, who is among the leaders of his generation with his first two crops at the track. He’s by a Golden Slipper winner, hails from the Danehill line and his dam’s pedigree features champion sprinters and sires Snippets and Vain, just the speed so loved by Aussie breeders.


Fiorente published: 10 Nov, 2014

Champion German sire Monsun has been a marvellous influence on the European thoroughbred and now his Melbourne Cup and Australian Cup winner Fiorente (IRE) gets his chance to do the same in Australia from his home at Eliza Park International in Victoria.


Hard Spun published: 10 Apr, 2014

Hard Spun is a young sire making a name in both hemispheres after a career on the track that saw him win seven races (1100m-1800m) up to Gr.1 level and be hailed as one of the leading classic contenders in the US. From the second last crop of Danzig, he’s proved popular at Darley in Victoria and has already left seven stakes winners in Australia with his oldest runners just four.


Snitzel published: 10 Mar, 2014

Snitzel is out to create history this season by becoming the first son of Redoute’s Choice and grandson of Danehill to win the Australian Sires’ Premiership. The Arrowfield-based stallion holds a commanding lead at the half way mark and with runners like Gr.1 winners Snitzerland and Shamus Award leading the way he could easily take the prize.


Lucas Cranach published: 10 Jan, 2015

Australian racegoers never saw the best of Lucas Cranach (GER), but his Melbourne Cup third and his St George Stakes win in just three starts here and his record of six wins in 12 starts was enough to prompt his normally reticent trainer’s statement that “on his day he was the best horse in Australia”. The talented stayer has been well supported in his first season too, so obviously breeders share that opinion.


Written Tycoon published: 10 May, 2014

When a pedigree combines high profile imports Last Tycoon (IRE) and Kenmare (FR) with daughters of Golden Slipper winners Marscay and Vain it’s no surprise when the resulting foal has tons of class and plenty of speed. Winner of the Silver Slipper-Gr.2 at two, Written Tycoon lived up to his pedigree and is now carving out a successful career at stud in Victoria.


Dalakhani published: 10 Dec, 2013

South Australian breeders have access to a superb racehorse and proven sire following the Aga Khan’s decision to shuttle Dalakhani (IRE) to Cornerstone Stud in 2013. It’s an historic move by one of the world’s major breeders, and those looking to breed a classic winner or Cups horse will find this stallion ticks all the boxes.


Toorak Toff published: 10 Aug, 2014

It’s now more than 60 years since Star Kingdom (IRE) began his stud career at Baramul Stud in the beautiful Widden Valley, and his name remains at the heart of the pedigrees of many of our best performers. Rosemont Stud’s dual Gr.1 winner Toorak Toff is a perfect example with two lines of this sire giant and he is one of the few remaining Star Kingdom male line descendants available to breeders.


Tavistock published: 10 Dec, 2014

Veteran stud master Sir Patrick Hogan has made some pretty astute stallion choices, not the least being Sir Tristram (IRE) and his son Zabeel (NZ), and he looks to have pulled the right rein again with champion sprinter Tavistock (NZ), a dual Gr.1 winner by Montjeu (IRE), who is NZ’s current leading second crop sire and is “book full” this season at Cambridge Stud.


The Factor published: 10 Jan, 2015

When you are hot in the breeding industry you really are hot, and there is no more sought after sire in the world today than Danzig’s son War Front who is getting Gr.1 winners in America and in Europe. War Front’s son The Factor (USA), a dual Gr.1 winner, has made quite a splash in the Hunter Valley this season, covering his first southern book on a $22,000 fee.


Smug published: 10 Feb, 2014

Scenic, High Chaparral, Montjeu and Galileo have shown Australasian breeders the strength of the Sadler’s Wells male line and now there is a new branch exploding on to the scene in the sons of El Prado, a Champion Sire in the US and now a noted sire of sires with horses like Medaglia d’Oro, Kitten’s Joy and Artie Schiller leading the way. WA’s Westbury Park is home to talented El Prado son Smug (USA), who will begin his stud career in 2014 at the Pinjara property.


Dick Turpin published: 10 Oct, 2014

Dual classic runner-up Dick Turpin (IRE) raced at the highest level in England and France and the dual Gr.1 winner brings an intriguing pedigree to WA, being a grandson of Nureyev and from the same family as Zeddaan, grandsire of Kenmare. He shuttles from the English National Stud to Mungrup Stud and has had a very good response from breeders in the west.


Pluck published: 10 Sep, 2013

Outstanding mares populate every remove of Pluck’s pedigree and this young Breeders’ Cup winner, who stands at a modest $11,000 at Vinery, Scone, looks a great chance to continue the success story started by his sire More Than Ready (USA), who has proved such a potent force with Australia’s dominant line of Danehill (USA).


Graduate Eroico is a rising star in HK published: 18 Feb, 2015

VINERY Stud’s latest yearling consignment to the Inglis Premier Sale coincides with the emergence of Eroico as one of the most promising young gallopers in Hong Kong. Eroico (Starcraft-Collodi by Testa Rossa) is a $60,000 Vinery graduate from Oaklands and he was an eye-catching winner of the London Handicap, which showcased Hong Kong’s rising stars at the International Meeting in December.


Waikato property's proud record published: 18 Feb, 2015

HENLEY PARK may not be a name well known to Victorian buyers, but the well situated farm in the heart of Waikato boasts a proud record of association with such high class gallopers as Dundeel, Norzita, Sangster, Lion Tamer, We Can Say It Now, Midnight Oil, Red Ruler and Solzhenitsyn. Run by experienced couple Marc and Sarah Devcich, Henley brings a quality draft of yearlings to this year's Inglis Melbourne Premier.


Sanford Cliffs held in high esteem published: 18 Feb, 2015

IT is testament to the esteem in which Canford Cliffs (IRE) (Tagula-Mrs Marsh by Marju) is held that the Blue Gum Farm shuttler was chosen as the 2014 mate for Australia’s most successful broodmare Helsinge (Desert Sun (GB)), dam of Black Caviar and All Too Hard. One of the finest Irish bred gallopers to stand at stud in Australia, the five time Gr.1-winning miler defeated the likes of Rip van Winkle, Dick Turpin and Goldikova during a stellar 11 start career which saw him win seven races.


Knocked out by Not a Single Doubt published: 18 Feb, 2015

AT the 2011 Inglis Melbourne Premier Sale Bell River Thoroughbreds sold an athletic son of Not a Single Doubt for $90,000 to bloodstock agent Paul Beamish. That horse now races under the name of Seasons Star in Hong Kong and is the winner of five races and more than $HK3.36m, and he is still racing.


Long-term plan comes to fruition published: 18 Feb, 2015

A LONG-TERM plan looks poised to come to fruition for Ascot Farm when the respected Cambridge vendor presents a quality line up of youngsters at the Inglis Premier Yearling Sale at Oaklands in Melbourne. Bruce and Maureen Harvey selected and sourced their Australian-bred draft of eight as weanlings last year.


Spectacular record an irresistible draw published: 18 Feb, 2015

ARROWFIELD’S 25-strong draft at the 2015 Inglis Melbourne Premier Sale is an irresistible draw for buyers in search of that winning feeling. In the past five years alone, purchasers of Arrowfield yearlings in Melbourne have left Oaklands with Gr.1- winning superstar Snitzerland, Gr.2 winners Flying Snitzel, Hot Snitzel and Honorine and Gr.3 winner Aliyana Tilde.


Premier had Caviar on the menu published: 18 Feb, 2015

TIME passes quickly in horse racing. Unbeaten Black Caviar (Bel Esprit) put the Inglis Premier sale on the map with her racetrack efforts, 25 wins, 15 at Gr.1 level and earnings of almost $8m, before her retirement in April 2013; but a sale can’t rest on one horse, and Inglis Premier keeps delivering. At the same sale as Black Caviar, a chestnut colt named Starspangledbanner (Choisir) also sold.


Excelebration published: 16 Jul, 2014

Australian breeders should be eager to support this Irish bred son of champion Aussie sprinter Exceed and Excel and grandson of supersire Danehill (USA) as he showed his class with three Gr.1 wins at a mile in Europe and hails from a fine classic family.


Dawn Approach published: 12 Feb, 2015

Star British juveniles have a long history of success in Australia, Star Kingdom and Lunchtime are two who spring to mind, so it will be no surprise to see Dawn Approach, who was unbeaten as a juvenile, continue that tradition. Breeders obviously like his chances too, and the four-time Gr.1 winner was well supported in his first southern season in 2014.


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